Tim Ludwig

Position: 
Professor
Department: 
Department of Psychology
Office: 
Smith-Wright Hall 113
Phone: 
828-262-2272 x428

Education

  • Ph.D. 1993, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • M.A. 1988, Wake Forest University
  • B.A. 1986, Lenoir Rhyne College

Teaching Interests

  • Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Organizational Development, and Applied Behavior Management

Research Interests

Dr. Ludwig is currently serving as the current editor of the Journal of Organizational Behavior Management. He is the author of dozens of scholarly articles that empirically document the successes of methods to improve safety and quality in industry through behavior-based management. His book Intervening to Improve the Safety of Occupational Driving reviews 10 years of behavior-based safety in the product delivery industry. His most recent books include Best-in-Class Safety that benchmarks how companies with the best safety records succeed, and Behavioral Systems: Understanding Complexity in Organizations co-edited by Dr. Ludwig with contributions from 15 top scholars and practitioners in the field of Behavior Systems Analysis. Dr. Ludwig serves on the Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies’ Behavioral Safety Accreditation Board that reviews best-in-industry safety practices and offers independent, objective feedback on safety programs. Dr. Ludwig’s recent keynote presentations include speeches at International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention, A Coruna, Spain; AmCham's Health Safety and Environment Conference & Exhibition, Trinidad; Behavioral Safety Now, Kansas City, MO.; Behavior Management Training Leadership Conference, Darington, United Kingdom, and at state-level Association for Behavior Analysis conferences throughout the United States.

Awards and Accolades

  • Power 101 Safety Leaders – Industrial Safety & Hygiene News (2012)
  • Organizational Behavior Management Network Outstanding Contribution Award (2010)
  • University of North Carolina Board of Governors Award for Excellence in Teach (2006)
  • Arts and Sciences Academy of Outstanding Teachers (2006)
  • University Deans Distinguished Graduate Faculty Award (2004)
  • Student Government Association Outstanding Advisor Award (2000)
  • Arts and Sciences Academy of Outstanding Teachers (1999)

Professional Activity

  • Board of Directors, Organizational Behavior Management Network
  • Editor, Journal of Organizational Behavior Management
  • Conference Chairperson, Organizational Behavior Management Conference. January 2005, Sarasota, Florida
     

Selected Publications 

Books

Ludwig, T. D., & Houmanfar, R. (Ed.s) (2010).  Understanding Complexity in Organizations: Behavioral Systems.  Philidelphia: Routledge. Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (2000). Intervening to Improve the Safety of Delivery Drivers: A Systematic Behavioral Approach.  Monograph.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 19, 1-124.

Other Publications

*Berry, B., *Swift, J., & Ludwig, T.D. (under review). Improving Extended Protection Plans Sales: The Role of Normative Feedback. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management.

*Blasingame, A., *Hale, S., & Ludwig, T.D. (in press). The Effects of Employee-led Process Design on Welder Set-Up Intervals. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management.

Bogard, K., Ludwig, T.D., Staats, C., & Kretchmer, D. (2015). An Industry's Call to Understand the Contingencies involved in Process Safety: Normalization of Deviance and Interlocking Contingencies. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 35, 70-80.

Ludwig, T.D. (2015). Organizational Behavior Management: An Enabler of Applied Behavior Analysis. In Falcomata, T.S., Ringdahl, J.E., & Roane, H. (Eds.), Clinical and Organizational Applications of Applied Behavior Analysis, 605-625.

Ludwig, T.D. (2014). The Anatomy of Pencil Whipping. Professional Safety, 59, 47-50.

*Camden, M.C., & Ludwig, T.D. (2013). Absenteeism in Health Care: Using Metacontingency Feedback to Reinforce Attendance with Certified Nursing Assistants. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 33:3, 165-184, DOI: 10.1080/01608061.2013.814521

*Frazier, C.B., Ludwig, T.D., Whitaker, B., & Roberts, D.S. (2013). A Hierarchical Factor Analysis of a Safety Culture Survey. Journal of Safety Research, 45, 15-28.

Ludwig, T.D., Carvelas, W., Engelbrecht, C. & McClintock, M. (2012). Actively Caring for Africa (DRA Mineral Products) in E.S. Geller (Ed.), Actively Caring for People: Cultivating a Culture of Compassion (139-146). Newport, VA: Make a Difference.

DeRiso, A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2012). Task Clarification of Cleaning and Restocking Behaviors for a Fine Dining Restaurant. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 32(2) 140-151.

Ludwig, T.D., & Frazier, C.B.* (2012).  Employee Engagement and Organizational Behavior Management.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 32(1) 75-82.

Camden, M.C., Price, V.A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Reducing Absenteeism and Rescheduling among Grocery Store Employees with Point-Contingent Rewards.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 31 (2), 140-149.

Berglund, K.M.*, & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Approaching error-free customer satisfaction through process change and feedback systems.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29 (1), 19-46.

Goomas, D.T.  & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Standardized Goals and Immediate Feedback Aggregated Beyond the Work-Unit:  Optimizing the use of Engineered Labor Standards and Electronic Performance Monitoring.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39, 2425-2437.

Ludwig, T.D.  & Goomas, D.T. (2009). Real-time Performance Monitoring, Goal-Setting, and Feedback for Forklift Drivers in a Distribution Centre.  Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 82, 391-403..

Mihalic, M.T.*, & Ludwig, T.D. (2009).  Behavioral System Feedback Measurement Failure: Sweeping Quality Under the Rug.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29 (2), 155-174.

Rose, H.M.S.*, & Ludwig, T.D. (2009).  The effects of Self-Monitoring, Task Clarification, and Performance Feedback on Lifeguard Cleaning Behaviors. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29 (1), 69-79.

Amigo, S.*, Smith, A.*, & Ludwig, T.D. (2008).  Using Task Clarification and Feedback to Decrease Busing Times in a Franchise Pizza Restaurant.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 28 (3), 176-187.

Berger, S.M.*, & Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  Voice assisted technology providing immediate feedback to reduce employee errors.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 27 (1), 1-31.

Doll, J.*, Livesey, J.*, McHaffie, E.*, & Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  Keeping an uphill edge: managing cleaning behaviors at a ski shop. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 27 (3), 41-60.

Goomas, D.T., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Enhancing Incentive Programs with Proximal Goals And Immediate Feedback:  Engineered Labor Standards And Technology Enhancements In Stocker Replenishment.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 27 (1), 33-68.

Ludwig, T.D., & Goomas, D.T. (2007). Performance, Accuracy, Data Delivery, and Feedback methods in Order Selection:  A comparison of Voice, Handheld, and Paper Technologies. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 27 (1), 69-107.

Presentations

Kretschmer, D., & Ludwig, T.D. (2015). Assessing the Efficacy of Training Targeting Contextual Comments in Behavioral Safety Observations. Paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, San Antonio, TX.

Kretschmer, D., & Ludwig, T.D. (2014). From Feedback to Fluency. Poster presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Chicago, IL.

Ludwig, T.D., & Copeland, J. (2014). Increasing Sales by Managing the Interlocking Contingencies between Sales Representatives and Customers using Behavioral Self-Monitoring. Paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Chicago, IL.

Ludwig, T.D. (2013). Beyond the Success Stories: Understanding the Behaviors that can Destroy a Behavioral Safety Program. Symposium presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Minneapolis, MN.

Ludwig, T.D. (2013). You Think your Reinforcing Participation in Behavioral Safety but your Reinforcing Pencil Whipping Instead. Paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Minneapolis, MN.

Watts, R*., Malpass, B.*, Byrd, A.*, & Ludwig, T.D. (2013). Pinpointing and influencing "branding" behaviors in sales associates. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference hosted by the California Association for Behavior Analysis, Anaheim, CA.

Kimura, N.*, Eberhardt, A.*, Copeland, J.*, & Ludwig, T.D. (2013). Intervening to increase product knowledge and support among customer service employees at an internet retailer. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference hosted by the California Association for Behavior Analysis, Anaheim, CA.

Blasingame, A.*, Desai, P.*, Hale, S.*, & Ludwig, T.D. (2013). Increasing productivity in hand-made furniture using Organizational Behavior Management. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference hosted by the California Association for Behavior Analysis, Anaheim, CA.

Berry, B.**, Swift, J.**, & Ludwig, T.D. (2013). Adding a verbal behavior chain to checkout behaviors among sales associates. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference hosted by the California Association for Behavior Analysis, Anaheim, CA.

* ASU Graduate Student, ** ASU Undergraduate Student