Tim Ludwig

Biography

Timothy Ludwig earned his Ph.D. at Virginia Tech researching the benefits of employee-driven behavioral safety programs under E. Scott Geller continuing his post-doctoral work in industrial engineering studying applications of W. Edwards Deming to quality and safety improvement. His popular website Safety-Doc.com is a content-rich resource of safety culture stories, blogs, research, videos, and services. Dr. Ludwig was cited in Industrial Safety and Hygiene News (ISHN) “50 Leaders for Today and Tomorrow”. Dr. Ludwig serves on the Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies’ Behavioral Safety Accreditation Commission that reviews best-in-industry safety practices and offers objective feedback on safety programs.

Dr. Ludwig is the author of dozens of scholarly articles that empirically document the successes of methods to improve safety and quality in industry through behavior-based solutions. His books include Intervening to Improve the Safety of Occupational Driving (2001), Behavioral Systems: Understanding Complexity in Organizations (2010), Behavioral Science Approaches to Process Safety: A Response to Industry’s Call (2018), and Dysfunctional Practices that Kill your Safety Culture (2018).

Dr. Ludwig has over 30 years experience in research and practice in behavioral safety where he integrates empirical findings into his safety consulting. Within his consulting practice Dr. Ludwig has helped assess, design, and implement safety and quality improvement programs in over 50 companies. Dr. Ludwig has delivered over 50 of his popular keynote presentations in 15 countries worldwide.

Books

Ludwig, T.D. (Ed.) (2018). Sources of Behavioral Variance in Process Safety: Analysis and Intervention. Taylor & Francis: London.

Ludwig, T.D. (2018). Dysfunctional Practices that Kill your Safety Culture. Calloway Publishing, Blowing Rock, NC.

Ludwig, T. D., & Houmanfar, R. (Ed.s) (2010). Understanding Complexity in Organizations: Behavioral Systems. Philadelphia: Routledge.

Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (2001). Intervening to Improve the Safety of Occupational Driving: A Behavior Change Model and Review of Empirical Evidence. Binghamton, NY: Haworth.

Publications

Ludwig, L.H., & Ludwig, T.D. (2018). Equipping Entrepreneurship with Value-Driven Behavioral Systems Analysis. In Organizational Behavior Management: The Essentials (Ed: B. Wine), 13-42.

Copeland, J., Ludwig. T.D., Bergman, S. & Acikgoz, Y. (2018). Increasing Sales By Managing The Interlocking Contingencies Between Sales Representatives And Customers Using Behavioral Self-Monitoring. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, DOI: 10.1080/01608061.2017.1423147.

Ludwig, T.D. (2017). Special Issue (Ed.). Behavioral Science Approaches to Process Safety: A Response to an Industry’s Call. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 37.

Ludwig, T.D. (2017). Process Safety: Another Opportunity to Translate Behavior Analysis into Evidence-Based Practices of Grave Societal Value (Editorial). Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 37, 221-223.

Ludwig, T.D. (2017). Process Safety in Behavioral Systems: Behaviors Interlock in Complex Metacontingencies. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management,37, 224-239.

Hyten, C. & Ludwig, T.D. (2017). Complacency in Process Safety: A Behavior Analysis toward Prevention Strategies. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 37, 240-260.

Goomas, D.T. & Ludwig, T.D. (2017). Computerized Immediate Feedback Increases Product Recall Efficiency Due To Interlocking Contingencies In Food Manufacturing. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 37 (1), 96-106.

Ludwig, T.D. (2015). Organizational Behavior Management: An Enabler of Applied Behavior Analysis. In Falcomata, T.S., Ringdahl, J.E., & Roane, H. (Eds.), Clinical and Organizational Applications of Applied Behavior Analysis, 605-625. London, Academic Press, Elsevier.

Bogard, K., Ludwig, T.D., Staats, C., & Kretchmer, D. (2015). An Industry’s Call to Understand the Contingencies involved in Process Safety: Normalization of Deviance and Interlocking Contingencies. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 35, 70-80

Blasingame, A., Hale, S., & Ludwig, T.D. (2014). The Effects of Employee-led Process Design on Welder Set-Up Intervals. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 34(3), 207-222. DOI: 10.1080/01608061.2014.944745.

Ludwig, T.D. (2014). The Anatomy of Pencil Whipping. Professional Safety, 59, 47-50.

Camden, M.C., & Ludwig, T.D. (2013). Absenteeism in Health Care: Using Metacontingency Feedback to Reinforce Attendance with Certified Nursing Assistants. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 33(3), 165-184. DOI: 10.1080/01608061.2013.814521

Frazier, C.B., Ludwig, T.D., Whitaker, B., & Roberts, D.S. (2013). A Hierarchical Factor Analysis of a Safety Culture Survey. Journal of Safety Research, 45, 15-28.

Ludwig, T.D., Carvelas, W., Engelbrecht, C. & McClintock, M. (2012). Actively Caring for Africa (DRA Mineral Products) in E.S. Geller (Ed.), Actively Caring for People: Cultivating a Culture of Compassion (139-146). Newport, VA: Make a Difference.

DeRiso, A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2012). Task Clarification of Cleaning and Restocking Behaviors for a Fine Dining Restaurant. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 32(2), 140-151.

Ludwig, T.D., & Frazier, C.B. (2012). Employee Engagement and Organizational Behavior Management. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 32(1), 75-82.

Goomas, D.T., Smith, S.M. & Ludwig, T.D. (2011). Business Activity Monitoring: Real-time Group Goals and Feedback using an Overhead Scoreboard in a Distribution Center. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 31(3), 196-209.

Camden, M.C., Price, V.A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2011). Reducing Absenteeism and Rescheduling among Grocery Store Employees with Point-Contingent Rewards. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management ,31(2), 140-149.

Ludwig, T.D., Geller, E.S., & Clarke, S.W. (2010). The additive impact of group and individual publicaly-displayed feedback: Examining individual response patterns and response generalization in a safe-driving occupational intervention. In Performance Psychology: Theory and Application in Industry, Sports, and Behavioral Healthcare (Luiselli, J.K. Editor). A special issue of Behavior Modification, 34 (5), 338-366.

Ludwig, T.D., & Ludwig, D.J. (2010). Teaching with Purpose: An Interview with Thomas E. Ludwig. Teaching of Psychology, 37(1), 69-76.

Goomas, D.T. & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Standardized Goals and Immediate Feedback Aggregated Beyond the Work-Unit: Optimizing the use of Engineered Labor Standards and Electronic Performance Monitoring. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39, 2425-2437.

Mihalic, M.T., & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Behavioral System Feedback Measurement Failure: Sweeping Quality Under the Rug. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29(2), 155-174.

Ludwig, T.D. & Goomas, D.T. (2009). Real-time Performance Monitoring, Goal-Setting, and Feedback for Forklift Drivers in a Distribution Centre. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 82, 391-403.

Berglund, K.M., & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Approaching error-free customer satisfaction through process change and feedback systems. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29(1), 19-46.

Rose, H.M.S., & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). The effects of Self-Monitoring, Task Clarification, and Performance Feedback on Lifeguard Cleaning Behaviors. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29(1), 69-79.

Amigo, S., Smith, A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2008). Using Task Clarification and Feedback to Decrease Busing Times in a Franchise Pizza Restaurant. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 28(3), 176-187.

Doll, J., Livesey, J., McHaffie, E., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Keeping an uphill edge: managing cleaning behaviors at a ski shop. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 27(3), 41-60.

Ludwig, T.D., & Goomas, D.T. (2007). Performance, Accuracy, Data Delivery, and Feedback methods in Order Selection: A comparison of Voice, Handheld, and Paper Technologies. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 27(1), 69-107.

Goomas, D.T., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Enhancing Incentive Programs with Proximal Goals And Immediate Feedback: Engineered Labor Standards And Technology Enhancements In Stocker Replenishment. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 27(1), 33-68.

Berger, S.M., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Voice assisted technology providing immediate feedback to reduce employee errors. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 27(1), 1-31.

Stephens, S.D., & Ludwig, T.D. (2005). Improving anesthesia nurse compliance with Universal Precautions using group goals and public feedback. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 25(2), 37-71.

Ludwig, T.D., Buchholz, C., & Clarke, S.W. (2005). Using Social Marketing to Increase the Use of Helmets among Bicyclists. Journal of American College Health, 54(1), 51-58.

Title: Professor
Department: Department of Psychology

Email address: Email me

Phone: (828) 262-2272 x428

Office address
113 Smith Wright Hall